On Monday, October 24, Colombia’s Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) granted amnesty to Rodrigo Granda, a former leader of the demobilized Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia- People’s Army (FARC-EP) guerrilla group, who was convicted of rebellion.
Granda was convicted in April 2006 by the Third Criminal Court of the Cúcuta Circuit, in the Norte de Santander department. He was sentenced to 70 months in prison.
After ratifying the political nature of the crime, the JEP ordered the withdrawal of criminal and accessory sanctions against Granda, as well as of his fiscal, disciplinary or criminal record.
The JEP resolution stated that Granda would continue to be investigated by the Chamber of Recognition of Truth and Responsibility in the 27 cases against him for other crimes that occurred during the five-decade war between the guerilla forces and the Colombian security forces.
He will also not be allowed to leave the country without prior authorization from the JEP.
▶️La Sala de Amnistía o Indulto de la JEP concedió el beneficio de amnistía de iure a Rodrigo Granda Escobar por el delito de rebelión, por el que fue condenado el 21 de abril de 2006.
— Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (@JEP_Colombia) October 25, 2022
Granda has been fighting for peace and social change in Colombia since the 1970s. In 1971, he joined the Communist Party. In 1997, Granda became a member of the FARC Central General Staff, which was originally formed against dispossession of farmland and concentration of land ownership with cattle ranchers and urban industrialists. He represented the organization on various trips and events abroad. Granda was known as the foreign minister of the FARC.
He was a part of the FARC delegation in the negotiation process, which led to the signing of the Havana Peace Agreements between the FARC-EP and the government of then President Juan Manuel Santos in November 2016.
Granda is now a member in the national board of the Comunes party, which emerged after the disarmament of the FARC as a part of the peace agreements.
The JEP was also created under the peace agreements. It is a transitional justice system to investigate, judge and sentence all those considered responsible for the crimes committed during the internal armed conflict.